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Collage of four photos overlaid with blue and green filters. The first shows an aerial view of a green stormwater filtration unit in a forested wetland next to a highway. Second shows a pier extending over the water with a yellow boom and pilings underneath. Third image shows green outflow pipes on grass. Fourth image shows a group of people in vests and hard hats overlooking a waterfront construction site.

What is blue-green infrastructure?

Every day we benefit from the natural environment around us. These benefits, called ecosystem services, have not always been acknowledged in urban planning. However, in recent years there have been efforts to strategically draw on nature to deliver benefits that fall under the umbrella of “blue-green infrastructure” (BGI). This term can have many definitions, but in its broadest form these are natural and semi-natural areas with land (“green”) and water (“blue”) features designed to manage and deliver ecosystem services. Sometimes these are just referred to as “green infrastructure,” but the recent addition of “blue” makes the central role of water in ecosystem services more explicit. So, what does BGI look like on the ground? You may already have some BGI features in your own backyard! 

At the residential home scale, this can look like catching rain in rain barrels for irrigation in the dry season, controlling driveway run-off with natural mini wetlands (rain gardens), or planting more trees to shade the home, lower temperatures and reduce run-off. At a much larger scale, Hamburg, Germany launched a Green Roof Strategy with an ambitious goal to “green” at least 247 acres of rooftops in the city within one decade, to regulate temperatures and mitigate water runoff. Across the globe in the Yangtze River Delta of China, they are planning a 250-acre eco-corridor to transform an industrial area of Ningbo into a “living filter” with canals that mimic a floodplain, habitat for native plants and animals, and recreational, educational and cultural facilities. In cities and neighborhoods, these examples of blue-green infrastructure are addressing the impacts of climate change, such as floods and droughts, through water conservation, groundwater recharge, and reduced surface runoff.  

Find out how to create your own rain garden with help from 12,000 Rain Gardens in Puget Sound.

A containerized compost biofiltration unit capturing roadway runoff before it reaches Ohop Creek in the winter of 2022.

Salmon here in the Pacific Northwest can also benefit from BGI practices. For example, BGI approaches to stormwater management can be used to keep rainwater from overwhelming sewer systems, which can contaminate the water and harm salmon in nearby waterways. In particular, runoff from highways has recently been linked to sudden death of coho salmon that were exposed to 6PPD-quinone, a toxic compound resulting from car tire wear. Studies are now underway to see how blue-green infrastructure can be used to address this issue. LLTK is working with the Nisqually Indian Tribe, Herrera, and Cedar Grove in Ohop Creek to test the use of a compost-based media, in a process called biofiltration, to filter out contaminants from roadway runoff. During the pilot project in early 2022, we collected stormwater samples to evaluate the performance of the biofiltration system at a site along a salmon-bearing stream. Biofiltration is usually used in bioswales or other systems permanently built into an environment. The system we used in this pilot project is mobile and containerized so the project team can easily remove the contaminated biofiltration media when necessary, making it a more flexible tool.   

See more of the Ohop Stormwater Pilot in the Nisqually Salmon Recovery newsletter Yil-Me-Hu.

In the lower Duwamish River, the ship building company Vigor has partnered with LLTK and the University of Washington to assess a blue-green infrastructure project designed to create natural, estuarine habitat for salmon at Vigor’s shipyard on Harbor Island. This is an atypical “restoration” project, since Vigor is actually creating natural habitat on an artificial island that was built in the early 1900s to support industrial activities. The project goal is to create functional habitat that benefits salmon as they migrate out to the ocean through the Duwamish estuary. These pockets of habitat in an otherwise industrial landscape could provide rest stops for salmon during migration. The project is currently in the habitat construction phase, and the University of Washington and LLTK will assess the outcomes for salmon in 2024 and 2025. If the results show that salmon are using the habitat for resting and feeding, it will be a good indication that more “salmon rest stops” could help salmon in the Duwamish estuary.

Read more about the Vigor Urban Estuary Restoration.

Photo of a group of people in green safety vests and white hardhats, gathered in front of a large yellow Caterpillar excavator at a construction site on a sunny day. The water and cranes of Seattle's working waterfront are in the background.
Construction of new salmon habitat underway at Vigor in 2021.

LLTK seeks to better understand how we can use BGI in the Puget Sound to improve the health of our salmon populations. We’ll keep you posted on the outcomes of these BGI projects! 

Shaara Ainsley is a senior project manager at Long Live the Kings.

Survive the Sound: Día 5

¡Último día de la migración!

Inicie sesión y chequea tu pescado.

¡Solo siete peces sobrevivieron! ¡GUAU! Parece que las truchas arcoiris jóvenes necesitan nuestra ayuda para sobrevivir a su migración a través de Puget Sound. Long Live the Kings y sus socios están trabajando para aprender porque los salmones juveniles y las truchas arcoiris están muriendo a un nivel elevado en Puget Sound. Esto puede ser una parte importante para ayudar a recuperar estos peces icónicos. ¡Esperamos que se mantenga en contacto para aprender más sobre este proyecto importante!

Usa tu correo electrónico o nombre de usuario, inicie sesión en SurvivetheSound.org/es. Inmediatamente vas a ver el progreso de tu pez. Usa el filtro del mapa para ver todos los 48 pescados y prueba tu conocimiento con el cuestionario diario. Haz clic en peces individuales para obtener más información y observar su migración.

Gracias a todos los que participaron este año. Ayúdenos a alcanzar nuestra meta de $40,000. Dona para apoyar la recuperación del salmón salvaje y la trucha arcoiris en Puget Sound. No podríamos hacerlo sin USTED.

Aprende sobre: Depredadores

Foca de puerto equipada con un dispositivo de seguimiento de salmón.

El salmón es una parte importante de nuestra vida y dieta, pero también compartimos este recurso con muchas otras especies. Los pájaros, las focas, los leones marinos, los osos, las marsopas, las ballenas, y otros pescados dependen del salmón como parte de su dieta. Con las poblaciones del salmón y la trucha arcoiris en riesgo, muchas personas se preguntan si hay demasiadas bocas comiendo salmón juvenil.

Lee más aquí (inglés)

 

 

¿Quieres mostrar tu amor por el salmón?

Hemos recibido muchas solicitudes de camisetas de Survive the Sound durante los últimos 5 años de la campana. Tenemos todo los 48 peces para elegir, varios colores de camisa para cada diseño!

LLTK.org/lltk-shop/

 

 

¡Gracias a nuestros patrocinadores!

¿Preguntas?
Correo electrónico: sts@lltk.org
Llama: 206-382-9555 x30

Survive the Sound: Día 4

¡Día cuatro de la migración!

Inicie sesión y chequea tu pescado.

Tenemos dos peces que se acercan la línea de meta hoy, vamos, Jaws y Empowerfish! Tu pez murió o llegó al Pacifico?

Usa tu correo electrónico o nombre de usuario, inicie sesión en SurvivetheSound.org/es. Inmediatamente vas a ver el progreso de tu pez. Usa el filtro del mapa para ver todos los 48 pescados y prueba tu conocimiento con el cuestionario diario. Haz clic en peces individuales para obtener más información y observar su migración.

Parece que hay algunos problemas alrededor del puente Hood Canal. Parece que casi todos los peces, excepto cuatro, han muerto (vamos April, Finn Geneer, Sammy & Sergeant Snackbar, vamos!). ¿Quieres aprender más sobre qué podría estar pasando?

Ve a este video para aprender más sobre como el puente afecta la migración de la trucha arcoiris juvenil. Haz clic en el siguiente imagen o aquí para ver ahorita:

Aprende sobre: Barreras de Migración

Los datos que se usan en Survive the Sound, recopilados por Megan Moore en NOAA National Marine Fisheries Services, revelaron que hasta el 50% de la trucha arcoiris juvenil que llega al puente Hood Canal no sobreviven más allá. Estos datos, combinados con otra evidencia, sugiere que el puente actúa como una barrera contra la migración de peces, aumentando la mortalidad de la trucha arcoiris y posiblemente de otros peces. Long Live the Kings está trabajando para abordar el problema en cooperación con socios regionales.

Lee más aquí (inglés)

 

¡Gracias a nuestros patrocinadores!

¿Preguntas?
Correo electrónico: sts@lltk.org
Llama: 206-382-9555 x30

Survive the Sound: Día 3

¡Día tres de la migración!

Inicie sesión y chequea tu pescado.

Ayer tuvimos nuestras primeras muertes de truchas arcoiris. QEPD Eddy Gar, Puget Pounder, Venti, Goldie, Salmon Ella, y Forest. ¿Tu pez sobrevivió el día 3?

Usa tu correo electrónico o nombre de usuario, inicie sesión en SurvivetheSound.org/es. Inmediatamente vas a ver el progreso de tu pez. Usa el filtro del mapa para ver todos los 48 pescados y prueba tu conocimiento con el cuestionario diario. Haz clic en peces individuales para obtener más información y observar su migración.

Cuando vea todos los pescados, presta atención especial a las áreas como el puente Hood Canal y el río Duwamish. ¿Por qué crees que los peces están luchando en estas áreas?

 

 

Aprende sobre: Peces Forrajeros

Fotografía: Arenque del Pacifico por Steve, Flickr

Los peces forrajeros, como el arenque del Pacifico, la lanza de arena, las anchoas, y el perlano de las olas son pescados pequeños y plateados que son una buena fuente de alimento para los depredadores más grande como los salmones, los pájaros, y las focas. Las investigaciones indican que unas poblaciones de pescados forrajeros están disminuyendo en Puget Sound debido a la pérdida de hábitat relacionada con el desarrollo de la costa. Sin una abundancia de peces forrajeros, los salmones pueden tener dificultades para encontrar suficiente comida y otros depredadores pueden volverse a comer más salmón.

Lee más aquí (inglés)

 

 

¡Gracias a nuestros patrocinadores!

¿Preguntas?
Correo electrónico: sts@lltk.org
Llama: 206-382-9555 x30

Survive the Sound: Día 2

¡Día dos de la migración!

Inicie sesión y chequea tu pescado.

¿Lo puedes creer? Todos los peces sobrevivieron el primer dia! Lunchbox, Willy y Jaws salieron victoriosos el primer dia. ¿Tendrán la misma suerte hoy?

Usa tu correo electrónico o nombre de usuario, inicie sesión en SurvivetheSound.org/es. Inmediatamente vas a ver el progreso de tu pez. Usa el filtro del mapa para ver todos los 48 pescados y prueba tu conocimiento con el cuestionario diario. Haz clic en peces individuales para obtener más información y observar su migración.

Ten en cuenta que cada día de la migración de 5 días de Survive the Sound es aproximadamente 2 días de la migración real del pez. Hemos acelerado la migración un poco para que no tengas que esperar las 2 o 3 semanas que lleva en tiempo real.

Si tu pez no sobrevive el segundo día, piensa en las causas posibles de su mortalidad. Fue una foca, un pájaro, quizás fue la contaminación? A veces es difícil saber, pero es importante recordar que hay muchos desafíos que estos peces pequeños enfrentan.

Chequea los recursos digitales de aprendizaje para aprender más sobre los desafíos que enfrentan las truchas arcoiris juveniles en este viaje.

Aprende sobre: Estuarios y Ecosistemas Cerca a la Costa

Los estuarios son áreas donde el agua dulce se encuentra con el agua salada y son un hábitat vital para los salmones juveniles. Estas áreas son consideradas uno de los tipos de ecosistemas más productivos del mundo, proporcionando un hábitat crítico para muchas especies. Alrededor de Puget Sound, el hábitat del estuario está amenazado por el creciente desarrollo humano. Adaptar la infraestructura humana para coexistir sin problemas con nuestro entorno es un desafío que valdrá la pena para muchas generaciones.

Lee más aquí (inglés)

 

¡GiveBIG hoy!

El tercer día de la carrera también quiere decir que es tiempo para GiveBIG en la región de Puget Sound. Participe en este día querido de donaciones comunitarias haciendo una contribución para un futuro mejor para el salmón – haz tu donación AQUÍ.

 

 

¡Gracias a nuestros patrocinadores!

¿Preguntas?
Correo electrónico: sts@lltk.org
Llama: 206-382-9555 x30

Survive the Sound: Día 1

¡Listos! ¡A Nadar!

Inicie sesión y chequea tu pescado.

¡La migración ha comenzado! Wooohooo! Vamos, pez, vamos!

Usa tu correo electrónico o nombre de usuario, inicie sesión en SurvivetheSound.org/es. Inmediatamente vas a ver el progreso de tu pez. Usa el filtro del mapa para ver todos los 48 pescados y prueba tu conocimiento con el cuestionario diario. Haz clic en peces individuales para obtener más información y observar su migración.

Ten en cuenta que cada día de la migración de 5 días de Survive the Sound es aproximadamente 2 días de la migración real del pez. Hemos acelerado la migración un poco para que no tengas que esperar las 2 o 3 semanas que lleva en tiempo real.

Mira el siguiente video para aprender más sobre cómo usar el mapa.

 

Aprende sobre: Zooplancton

Fotografía: Zooplancton, NOAA

El zooplancton son animales pequeños que flotan libremente en la columna de agua. Pueden moverse distancias cortas por su cuenta, pero son tan pequeños que en su mayoría son transportados por las corrientes oceánicas. Estos animales son comida importante para los salmones jóvenes y los peces forrajeros como el arenque y las anchoas.

Debido a que los zooplancton constituyen la base de la red trófica marina y apoya las poblaciones saludables de salmón juvenil, los científicos necesitan entender qué clases de zooplancton y cuantos zooplancton hay en Puget Sound. Para satisfacer esta necesidad, Long Live the Kings creó un programa de monitoreo de zooplancton en todo Puget Sound a través de la colaboración con gobiernos locales, agencias estatales y tribus.

Lee más aquí (inglés)

 

¡Gracias a nuestros patrocinadores!

¿Preguntas?
Correo electrónico: sts@lltk.org
Llama: 206-382-9555 x30

Survive the Sound 2022: take part in a death-defying migration

Post-Race Info Session: Join LLTK scientists to go behind the scenes after the 2022 Survive the Sound race!

Survive the Sound returns with new ways to experience salmon & steelhead migration

For immediate release: 4/27/22

Seattle – Thousands of salmon lovers in Puget Sound and beyond are signing up for the 6th annual Survive the Sound, a virtual race to the ocean that invites players to experience life – and maybe death – from the perspective of a young steelhead. 

Graphic with a blue background reading "Pick from 48 fishy competitors", with the 48 colorful cartoon fish in 2022's Survive the Sound.

From May 2nd through 6th, participants watch on an interactive map as their fish embarks on a harrowing journey – avoiding predators, fighting disease, and navigating obstacles – on their way to the Pacific Ocean. Survive the Sound participants have until May 1st to pick their fish, build a team, and invite friends, family, coworkers, and classmates to race, competing to win a Grand Prize for the teams with the most surviving fish.

This free, interactive science game, based on migration data from real fish, is offered each spring by salmon recovery nonprofit Long Live the Kings (LLTK) to engage and educate the public about salmon and steelhead. Each of the race’s 48 creative fish avatars, most designed by artist Jocelyn Li Langrand, represents a real juvenile steelhead, implanted with an acoustic tag by scientists at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to study the alarmingly high death rates for these iconic, threatened Puget Sound fish. 

“The threats to species like salmon and steelhead are serious issues, but Survive the Sound is a fun way to get involved in the science and learn that the challenges are solvable,” said Jacques White, Executive Director of Long Live the Kings.  “We created the race to make salmon and salmon recovery accessible and engaging for everybody.”      

Survive the Sound participants have until May 1st to pick their fish, build a team, and invite friends, family, coworkers, and classmates to race. From May 2nd through 6th, participants watch on an interactive map as their fish embarks on a harrowing journey – avoiding predators, fighting disease, and navigating obstacles – on their way to the Pacific Ocean. 

Among the new fish joining the 2022 race are Hank and Cedar, designed by Native artists Jeanette Quintasket (Swinomish) and Paige Pettibon (Confederated Salish and Kootenai). Tribal governments, citizens, and staff are invaluable partners in salmon management and conservation in the Pacific Northwest and have provided integral support to Survive the Sound since the game began.  This year, LLTK has partnered with the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission and nonprofit Salmon Defense, with funding support from the Snoqualmie Tribe, to share resources on Tribes and salmon, highlighting treaty rights, cultural connections, and the leadership of Tribal communities in stewarding and recovering salmon today.

Cedar and Hank, two fish designed by Native artists, introduce classroom materials on Tribal roles in salmon management and recovery.

“What makes Survive the Sound so exciting is the large number of participants, integrating real data and spatial information about your own little steelhead, and the ability to track how many groups, schools and people participate in the program,” said Alex Gouley, habitat manager and Tribal member with the Skokomish Indian Tribe, who collaborated with LLTK on educational videos about the Tribe’s hatchery and habitat programs. “It’s important to the tribes because if we can enhance the participant’s knowledge of the salmon and habitat conditions then watershed resources will increase in value.”

“Our hope is that these educational materials will help Survive the Sound participants understand the role tribal natural resources managers play in salmon recovery, as well as the tribes’ connection to their ancestral lands,” said Peggen Frank, Salmon Defense Executive Director.

These resources will reach thousands of teachers and students, a core audience of Survive the Sound. This year, the entire Survive the Sound website, including classroom resources, is available in both English and Spanish, thanks to a grant from Boeing. Boeing’s support also funded educator tools exploring a variety of STEM careers, including interviews and live panels with local salmon scientists. Education research organization foundry10 has also contributed new marine science resources, as well as sponsoring this year’s educational Grand Prize of $1,500 for the school or classroom team with the most surviving fish at the end of the 5-day migration. The new lessons join LLTK’s suite of salmon education resources that support learning across multiple subjects, encouraging students of all backgrounds to see themselves as capable scientists, stewards, and advocates for salmon and the environment.

A juvenile steelhead carrying an acoustic tracker as it starts its migration journey.

“We love how approachable this activity is for learners who adopt a salmon,” said Lindsay Holladay Van Damme, Marine Science Program Developer at foundry10. “Just by participating, the questions start to flow out: Why did another salmon make it further than mine? Why did more salmon survive in the next river over? And since it’s all grounded in local data, there is an abundance of resources for educators to facilitate deeper exploration of these real-world questions beyond the game.”

It’s free to sign up for the game, thanks to support from sponsors who see Survive the Sound as a fun and engaging tool to raise awareness about the challenges facing Puget Sound species. Support for Survive the Sound 2022 comes from Boeing, the Snoqualmie Tribe, the Nisqually Indian Tribe, Tacoma Public Utilities, Puget Sound Steel, MiiR, Anthony’s Restaurants, foundry10, Puget Sound Express, FOX 13, Pike Place Fish Market, Pike Place Chowder, Montana Banana, Herrera, Environmental Science Associates, Manulife Investment Management, the Stalcup Family, University of Washington, Floyd Snider, BECU, TOTE Maritime, and PCC Community Markets. Participants can also donate to Survive the Sound to support LLTK’s mission to restore wild salmon and steelhead and support sustainable fishing in the Pacific Northwest.

About Survive the Sound 2022:

Sign up for free at www.survivethesound.org by May 1.

Migration dates: May 2 – 6

General Public Grand Prize: Free chowder from Pike Place Chowder and a Hood Canal Bridge boat cruise with Puget Sound Express

Classroom Grand Prize: $1,500 educational grant from foundry10 

How Survive the Sound Works

Each year, wild steelhead are caught as they make their way downriver from their birth streams. LLTK and partners implant the fish with tracking devices as part of their larger research efforts to understand juvenile salmonid survival in the Salish Sea. Each tag emits a unique acoustic ping heard by receivers placed underwater throughout Puget Sound. This tracking data can supply locations and sometimes depth and temperature. The steelhead in Survive the Sound represent real fish that were tracked in the past and scientists at LLTK pick a representative sample of 48 fish to include each year. 

Why it Matters

Only about 15% of young steelhead survive their first trek through the waters of Puget Sound. The total number of Puget Sound steelhead at less than one tenth of the historic population and threatened under the Endangered Species Act. With these critically low numbers, the high mortality rate during the juvenile migration period is a key concern. “Unless we can better understand the reasons for steelhead’s decline in Puget Sound and mitigate the threats they face, there is serious concern that steelhead may slip into extinction,” said Jacques White, LLTK’s Executive Director.

Survive the Sound provides scientists with important new data about the steelhead lifecycle, gives the public an opportunity to engage with wild steelhead in a fun and interactive way, and raises essential funds for Long Live the Kings’ salmon and steelhead recovery projects.

To learn more, visit www.survivethesound.org.

About Long Live the Kings: Long Live the Kings is a non-profit salmon recovery organization based in Seattle. Since 1986, LLTK has been working to restore wild salmon and steelhead and support sustainable fishing in the Pacific Northwest.

Photo of a large vertical sign reading "RAYS", unlit, silhouetted against the Ballard waterfront with the sun setting behind the Olympic mountains.

Wild About Sustainability at Ray’s Boathouse

With Earth Day around the corner, it’s a great time to renew our commitment to sustainable choices that benefit the planet – and all of us who live here. In this guest post from our partners at Ray’s Boathouse, learn about their work to support sustainable salmon and seafood from the ground up. And if you’d like to pitch in this Earth Day, RSVP to join us on Friday, April 22 to restore Snoqualmie River riparian habitat!

Sustainability and the health of our local waterways has long been an area of focus for the ownership and staff at Ray’s Boathouse. We’ve always worked hard to educate our team about what they are serving, where it came from and how it was caught or harvested. We visit our fisherpeople and other purveyors to see where our product comes from and how they run their businesses.

Since Ray’s current inception in 1973 we have put sustainability at the forefront making sure we purchase fish and seafood from those harvesting humanly and protecting the waters they fish from. Ray’s was one of the first restaurants in Seattle to obtain a wholesale fish buying license that allowed us to buy directly from fisherpeople, and our founding partner Russ Wohlers had direct relationships, often traveling to see operations firsthand. All of this offered transparency—a value we hold dear. We often meet the people who were catching our seafood and see how they were doing it. It is important to know them and understand how we were supporting their businesses and families. 

From the start we knew the importance of sourcing locally and guarding quality. We championed Salmon-Safe certified wine and beer from Washington and Oregon and were early adopters to the farm-to-table and sea-to-plate movements. These not only provide an incredible guest experience but makes our team proud to be part of a company that acts. One example is an incredible Salish Sea Chef’s Dinner we hosted at Ray’s with a group of beloved local chefs dedicated to sustainable seafood.

Nearly five years ago we took our efforts a step further and began partnering with Long Live the Kings to take an even larger role in the welfare of our local salmon runs. Through their deep knowledge and insights, we shifted our focus from one of sustainability to one of growth to ensure our salmon populations increase as our city and infrastructure continues to grow and change.

One shocking fact that stood out to us early in our partnership is that in the early 1980s there were nearly 1,000,000 Chinook salmon harvested here compared to about 200,000 in 2010. This made us want to dive in and ensure our salmon have healthy habitats and estuaries, a vital part of the ecosystem. We want to get back to the point where fisherpeople can sustainably harvest salmon from the Salish Sea as they did decades before.

Bottom line is that we do our best to ensure that our seafood comes from good people, good communities and will be sustainable. To achieve that we continue to evolve and listen to experts like Jacques White and the LLTK team about how we can help amplify their message and support their efforts. 

On this Earth Day we encourage you to do the same. What can you do to help local salmon and steelhead thrive? Donate money (no amount is too small), volunteer for field work (here’s the Ray’s team cutting blackberry bushes and planting new shrubs along riverbanks), attend an LLTK event, share a social media post, raise your voice—it all matters and it all helps keep the momentum moving in the right direction.

Douglas Zellers is the general manager and co-owner of Ray’s Boathouse on the Ballard waterfront in Seattle.

Three people stand in a concrete hatchery pond holding the top of a net. On the far edge, a group of schoolchildren watch.

LLTK receives Madrona Club grant from the Robin DiGeorgio Endowment

The Madrona Club of Orcas Island has awarded Long Live the Kings a $5,000 grant through the Robin DiGeorgio Endowment Fund, to support our Glenwood Springs Hatchery programs. The Endowment funds charitable and educational endeavors on Orcas Island in memory of Robin DiGeorgio, a long-time Orcas Island resident, artist, and Madrona Club president, whose legacy continues to positively impact her community. Long Live the Kings is honored to be among this year’s grantees. 

Glenwood Springs rears Chinook salmon to provide more fish for Southern Resident killer whales and for commercial and recreational fishing. We’re also able to test experimental practices to improve diversity and survival for hatchery-reared salmon. In a current study, we’re collecting data on whether different release timings for juvenile salmon leads to more, larger, and older fish returning to spawn. This research is critically important as our changing climate puts more pressure on the food web and salmon populations throughout the region. Our facility has also helped with efforts to recover Lake Sammamish kokanee from the brink of extinction, providing a protected environment to rear fish from this unique population and returning fertilized eggs back to their home waters.

In addition to our scientific work at Glenwood Springs, the hatchery is also an important part of the Orcas Island community. We’re proud to be a place where volunteers, students, and guests can come together to learn about salmon, practice hands-on stewardship of our natural resources, and build a sustainable future. We’re deeply grateful to the Madrona Club for sharing these values and supporting our hatchery and our fish.

Learn more about Glenwood Springs here.  

For more about LLTK’s hatcheries and the urgent need for science-driven hatchery management, read our 2021 blog post.

Photo of a beach at low tide, with exposed eelgrass lying flat on the sand.

Ecosystem Solutions Made Local: Guidance Document for the Salish Sea Marine Survival Project

The 7-year active research phase of the Salish Sea Marine Survival Project may have concluded with last year’s publication of the Synthesis Report, but that doesn’t mean the work is finished. Learning what causes Salish Sea salmon to die at alarmingly high rates as they enter the marine environment is just the first step for the SSMSP partners. Our ultimate goal is also to equip managers and decision-makers with science-backed strategies to increase their survival.

In February 2022, we released Local Level Salmon Recovery Recommendations Based on the Findings of the Salish Sea Marine Survival Project, a guidance document for local salmon recovery organizations in the United States to put these findings into action. LLTK worked with salmon recovery experts at ESA to create this document, in consultation with local salmon recovery organizations and Tribes, as a toolkit to incorporate the SSMSP’s findings into watershed-level planning and projects. The actions target the issues that the SSMSP identified as key limiting factors for marine survival: local marine food supply and predation hotspots, along with strategies to address contaminants, restore estuaries, manage water quantity, and continue essential monitoring and data collection. In combination with regional-scale tools, including regional recovery plans and co-management processes, this resource provides local entities with a roadmap to support ecosystem-wide recovery in ways that best align with local conditions and goals.

Read on for more background about the Local Guidance Document and a link to the full story on ESA’s website:

Developing Local Solutions

ESA’s natural resource specialists have worked with salmon recovery lead entities and the Puget Sound Partnership to integrate adaptive management and updates into salmon recovery plans. With this understanding of fish recovery needs, the collaboration with Long Live the Kings was a natural fit.

The Local Guidance document builds on SSMSP recommendations and presents strategies and actions for local entities to apply at the local scale. It details how groups can address local impacts on marine survival rates by improving fish habitat conditions while limiting predation, enhancing food supplies, and partnering with fellow conservation efforts to accelerate estuary habitat restoration.

“The Salish Sea Marine Survival Project gave us clear evidence that environmental changes, from estuary and nearshore habitat loss to climate shifts, have impacted the entire Puget Sound food web in ways that are limiting the productivity, survival, and fitness of our juvenile salmon,” says Jacques White, Executive Director of Long Live the Kings. “This guidance document translates those findings into management and restoration actions. ESA had both the science and policy expertise that were essential to connect the research to concrete steps. We hope this toolkit provides a timely ecosystem perspective to equip local and regional salmon recovery efforts.”

“The breadth and depth of issues that salmon recovery groups are being asked to tackle continue to grow as we learn more about what it is going to take to recover these species,” notes Senior Conservation Planner Susan O’Neil, who guided the creation of the guidance document.

O’Neil explains that local recovery strategies will need to apply a holistic approach to address the complex interconnectedness of environmental factors that are contributing to the low Chinook, coho, and steelhead numbers in order to increase survival rates and meet recovery goals.

Read the full article on ESA’s website here.

Download the Local Guidance Document for U.S. Entities.